Welcome Guest

Fundamental molecular mechanism for the cellular uptake of guanidinium-rich molecules

Publication ID: 0
Reviewer´s rate: 0/10


Authors: Herce (H D), Garcia (A E), Cardoso (M C)

Author Address: Department of Physics, Applied Physics and Astronomy and Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute , Troy, New York 12180, United States.

Publication: J Am Chem Soc

Volume: 136 Issue: 50
2014 December

Page start:17459 Page end:17467

Guanidinium-rich molecules, such as cell-penetrating peptides, efficiently enter living cells in a non-endocytic energy-independent manner and transport a wide range of cargos, including drugs and biomarkers. The mechanism by which these highly cationic molecules efficiently cross the hydrophobic barrier imposed by the plasma membrane remains a fundamental open question. Here, a combination of computational results and in vitro and live-cell experimental evidence reveals an efficient energy-independent translocation mechanism for arginine-rich molecules. This mechanism unveils the essential role of guanidinium groups and two universal cell components: fatty acids and the cell membrane pH gradient. Deprotonated fatty acids in contact with the cell exterior interact with guanidinium groups, leading to a transient membrane channel that facilitates the transport of arginine-rich peptides toward the cell interior. On the cytosolic side, the fatty acids become protonated, releasing the peptides and resealing the channel. This fundamental mechanism appears to be universal across cells from different species and kingdoms.

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25405895

DOI: ISBN: 1520-5126 (Electronic) 0002-7863 (Linking)

Peer Reviewed: No

If there is any wrong or missing information please Edit this publication

If you are an author of this work feel free to Add a preprint

If you have read or written this manuscript please write a review

Reviewer's rate: 0/10

[Edit] [Discuss]

Contact Us | Site Map | Privacy | Disclaimer | Terms & Conditions

Copyright © 2008.Cell-Penetrating Peptides | Powered by Henry David Herce